4th International Conference on Brain and Spine
About ConferenceBrain and Spine 2019 is a meeting for major brain initiatives, with emphasis on coordination and alignment of efforts. Showcase what is means to be FAIR, why it is important, and how the ideas and researches being developed by the large-scale initiatives can facilitate. A platform and private community of top brain scientists, academic institutions collaborating to accelerate impactful innovation in brain science. At this important juncture in neuroscience, this collaborative stage is combining these forces in novel ways to collectively shepherd, support, and fund ideas that can be translated from labs into interventions that will benefit mankind. Join us for the most exciting Brain and spine meeting of the year! Connect with colleagues and industry leaders for discussion and collaboration on spine and peripheral nerve topics around the theme "Explore the Broadway research methodology and aspects of Brain and Spine Research".Thematic SessionsSession on: BRAIN INJURY AND NEUROSCIENCEBrain Injury is a common term which is used to describe any trauma to the head or brain but most specifically to the brain itself. There are several types of head injuries may occur such as skull fractures, intracranial haemorrhage like subdural or epidural hematoma. Treatment of a head or brain injury depends mainly on the cause and the severity of the injury.The study of Neuroscience mainly focuses on the nervous system, which affects all aspects of the body and brain. Neuroscientists study the evolutionary, cellular, behavioral, functional, computational, molecular, cellular each and every medical aspects of the nervous on: BACK AND NECK SURGERYCervical disc disease is caused by an abnormality in one or more discs, the cushions that lie between the neck bones (vertebrae). When disc get damage due to arthritis or an unknown cause where it can lead to neck pain from inflammation or muscle spasm. In several conditions, pain and numbness could mostly occur in the arms from pressure on the cervical nerve root; meanwhile the cervical spine in your neck is made up of seven bones called vertebrae separated by discs filled with a cushioning gel-like substance. Cervical discs stabilize neck and allow it to turn smoothly from side to side and bend forward to back. Neck surgery may sometimes leads to severe damages to Spine and Brain functions on: SPINE AND SPINAL DISORDERSSpinal cord disorders involve injuries, infections, a stopped blood supply, and compression by a fractured bone or a Tumor. Habitually, muscles are weak or paralyzed, sensation is abnormal or lost, and controlling bladder and bowel function may be difficult. Doctors do the diagnosis based on symptoms and results of a physical examination and imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging. Spinal cord disorder is rectified upon conditions if possible. Usually, rehabilitation is needed to recover as much function as possible. The spinal cord is the main pathway of transmission between the brain and the rest of the body. The cord is secured by the vertebrae of the spine. The vertebrae are separated and protected by disks made of on: EPILEPSY AND BRAIN DISORDERSAn uncontrolled electrical wave in brain is a chronic disorder or a neurological disorder the hallmark of which is recurrent, unprovoked seizures. An individual analyzed with epilepsy often have the chance of two unmerited seizures (or one unprovoked seizure with the likelihood of more) that were not caused by some known and reversible therapeutic condition like liquor withdrawal or extremely low blood sugar.The seizures in epilepsy may be related to a brain damage or a family propensity, but regularly the cause is totally obscure. Many individuals with epilepsy have more than one sort of seizure and may have other side effects of neurological issues as well. Some of the time EEG (electroencephalogram) testing, clinical history, family history, and viewpoint are comparable among a gather of individuals with epilepsy. About 6 out of 10 people diagnosed with epilepsy can become seizure free within a few years with proper treatment. Many of these people will never have any more seizures. For the rest of the people, some will have occasional breakthrough seizures or side effects of medicines and others will have uncontrolled seizures and brain on: ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITISAnkylosing spondylitis (ankle-low-zing spond-ill-eye-tis) is a type of arthritis, which means it causes inflammation that affects joints. It typically affects the joints of the spine, leading to back pain and stiffness, but it can affect other joints, too, such as the knee and shoulder. Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that, over time, can cause some of the vertebrae in your spine to fuse. This fusing makes the spine less flexible and can result in a hunched-forward posture. If ribs are affected, it can be difficult to breathe deeply, affects men more often than women. Signs and symptoms typically begin in early adulthood. Inflammation also can occur in other parts of your body — most commonly, your on: ARTHRITISArthritis is a condition describing inflammation of a joint, and applies to over 100 diseases that have been identified to date. Most of these diseases fall into one of two categories: degenerative arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, or inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms of most types of arthritis include pain, stiffness, and swelling in the on: ADDICTIVE DISORDERS AND ALCOHOLISMAddiction is an essential, chronic disease of mind reward, inspiration, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically seeking after reward and additionally help by substance utilize and other behaviors. Addiction is characterized by an inability to consistently abstain, impedance in behavioral control, desiring and lessened acknowledgment of noteworthy issues with one's practices and interpersonal connections, and a broken passionate reaction. Like other interminable ailments, dependence frequently includes cycles of backslide and abatement. Without treatment or engagement in recuperation exercises, habit is dynamic and can bring disability or premature , also known as alcohol use disorder, is a wide term for any drinking of liquor that outcome in issues. It was beforehand partitioned into two types: alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. In a medicinal setting, liquor abuse is said to exist when at least two of the accompanying conditions is available: a man drinks substantial sums over quite a while period, experiences issues chopping down, gaining and drinking liquor takes up a lot of time, liquor is emphatically craved, utilization brings about not satisfying obligations, use brings about social issues, use brings about medical issues, use brings about dangerous circumstances, withdrawal happens when stopping, and alcohol has occurred with on: BURSITISSwelling and inflammation near a joint may be a sign of bursitis, a condition that involves buildup of liquid and inflammation in a bursa sac that cushions a condition has earned some interesting names over the years: housemaid’s knee, student’s elbow, and tailor’s bottom, to name a Causes Bursitis?Hip BursitisSimply put, bursitis is the inflammation of a bursa and buildup of fluid in the bursa sac.A bursa is a thin, slippery sac found around a joint that serves to reduce friction between bone and surrounding soft tissue, such as skin, muscles, ligaments and tendons.A bursa sac is made up of a synovial membrane, or synovium, that produces and contains synovial on: CERVICAL RADICULOPATHYCervical radiculopathy is the clinical description of when a nerve root in the cervical spine becomes inflamed or damaged, resulting in a change in neurological function. Neurological deficits, such as numbness, altered reflexes, or weakness, may radiate anywhere from the neck into the shoulder, arm, hand, or fingers. Pins-and-needles tingling and/or pain, which can range from achy to shock-like or burning, may also radiate down into the arm and/or on: DEGENERATIVE DISC DISEASEDegenerative disk disease is when normal changes that take place in the disks of your spine cause pain. In its most basic form, degenerative disc disease (also known as DDD) is the pain, weakness or potential numbness that stems from a degenerated disc in the spine. A diagnosis of degenerative disc disease may be alarming at first as it sounds like a progressive, degenerative disease. However, this isn’t necessarily the case because degenerative disc disease is, in fact, not really a disease, nor is it strictly degenerative because degenerative changes in the spine are natural and common to the general disks are like shock absorbers between the vertebrae, or bones, of your spine. They help your back stay flexible, so you can bend and twist. As you get older, they can show signs of wear and tear. They begin to break down and may not work as well. As mentioned above, degeneration is mainly due to the natural wear and tear from our chosen activities. However, some patients can experience advanced degeneration at an earlier age due to genetic factors or trauma, like car on: SPINAL FUSIONA spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that is used to join, or graft, two vertebrae together with the aim of preventing movement between them. Painful vertebral movement in the spine can be caused by a number of conditions. During a spinal fusion, the physician will typically begin by making an incision at a location that best gives him access to the affected vertebrae. Typically this is done in one of three locations:Either side of your spine (known as the Transformational approach).Spinal fusion permanently connects two or more vertebrae in your spine to improve stability, correct a deformity or reduce pain. Your doctor may recommend spinal fusion to treat the following spine problems: Broken vertebrae. Not all broken vertebrae require spinal fusion. Many heal without treatment. But if a broken vertebra makes your spinal column unstable, spinal fusion surgery may be of the spine. Spinal fusion can help correct spinal deformities, such as a sideways curvature of the spine (scoliosis) or abnormal rounding of the upper spine (kyphosis).Spinal weakness or instability. Your spine may become unstable if there's abnormal or excessive motion between two vertebrae. This is a common side effect of severe arthritis in the spine. Spinal fusion can be used to restore spinal stability in such . In this spinal disorder, one vertebra slips forward and onto the vertebra below it. Spinal fusion may be needed to treat spondylolisthesis if the condition causes severe back pain or nerve crowding that produces leg pain or disk. Spinal fusion may be used to stabilize the spine after removal of a damaged (herniated) on: DIAGNOSING NECK PROBLEMSMany terms may be used to describe issues with a spinal disc and disc pain, and all may be used differently and, at times, on: DEPRESSIONDepressive disorders come in different forms. Four of the most common types of depressive disorders are Major Depression, Dysthymia, Adjustment Disorder with Depression, and Seasonal Affective Disorder (commonly referred to as SAD or the "winter blues"). Within these types, there are variations in the number of symptoms, their severity, and persistence. Depression is a common and stress mood disorder. Depression exhausts our energy and hope. Overcoming depression is not easy. People who have low self-confidence, who are constantly in a depressed mood or who are already affected by stress are prone to depression. Physical changes in the body can cause mental health issues like insomnia. Environment depression is not directly related to our brain function it not happens through families or illness. It happens by our surrounded environment situations In the course of our day to day life. Having a close relationship with a person is thought to help depression. Even with relationship with a pet have a similar effect. The Psychotherapy is a procedure done under anaesthesia, so that small electric currents are passed through the brain. And it activates the mental illness Depression can tell about lot of distress in our selves. Curing depression is finding in us and real meaning of a on: JOINT REPLACEMENT SURGERIESJoint replacement surgery or joint arthroplasty is performed most frequently to replace hip joints and knee joints, and involves the complete removal of the damaged joint and tissues to be replaced with an artificial prosthesis. The goal of the procedure is to relieve pain and restore a sense of normal function and mobility into the damaged joint. Joint replacement surgeries are recommended for patients experiencing severe pain and disability as a result of progressive arthritis. Knee arthroplasty is a type of total knee replacement often performed to relieve painful symptoms and restore mobility in a joint affected by severe, progressive arthritis. During knee arthroplasty, the damaged components of the knee joint and surrounding cartilage are removed and replaced with an artificial joint made of high-quality biocompatible on: ALL ABOUT DIAGNOSTIC TESTINGDiagnostic studies are used to confirm an anatomical lesion (injury) as a cause of back pain or neck pain. They are particularly useful to pinpoint the source and extent of the injury to assist in the diagnosis and development of an appropriate treatment plan for the patient's back on: ALZHEIMERS AND DEMENTIAAlzheimer ’s disease Is a commonest degenerative brain disorder which is the most common form of dementia accounting to major percent of dementia cases in the world, it effects innumerable number of people each year and it occurs due to degeneration of brain neurons in the cerebral cortex and presence of neurofibrillary tangles and plaques containing beta-amyloid cells. The disease destroys the brain ability to reason, remember, Imagine and learn. The progression of dementia is broken as preclinical, before symptoms appear there is mild cognitive impairment, when symptoms are mild dementia. The cause of Alzheimers is unknown however several factors are thought to be implicated in this disease. Memory loss is the primary and early symptom along with a gradual decline of other cognitive is a clinical syndrome which reasons a progressive deterioration of mind, conduct and character causing global impairment due to diffuse disorder of cerebral hemisphere maximally affecting the cortex and hippocampus. It occurs most usually in aged than in middle-aged. Dementia is a symptom of disease instead of a single entity. Depression can mimic the preliminary stages of dementia and it's far termed ’pseudodementia. Types of dementia encompass cortical, subcortical and on: SPINE BIRTH DEFECTSNumerous pregnant ladies stress over their child having a birth imperfection. Certain spinal imperfections are among the most well-known sorts of birth deserts, making it essential to see how they might be avoided and what sort of treatment is accessible. The dominant part of birth abandons happens amid the initial three months of advancement with around one out of each 33 babies having some birth imperfection, as indicated by the National Institutes of Health. Birth imperfections can include either the structure or working of the body or the digestion of cells in the body. A portion of the more typical birth abandons include the spine. Some of them are Occult Spinal Dysraphism, Spina bifida, Bifida Myelomeningocele on: MENTAL HEALTH, PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERSMental nursing or psychological well-being nursing is the selected position of a nursing that has represented considerable authority in emotional wellness and watches over individuals of any age with dysfunctional behaviour or mental trouble, for example, schizophrenia, bipolar turmoil, psychosis, gloom, dementia and some is the therapeutic claim devoted to the finding, avoidance, study, and treatment of a mental issue. Psychiatry is the principal branch of solution concentrated on the analysis, treatment and anticipation of mental, passionate and behavioural scatters. These abnormalities identified with mood, behaviour, cognizance, and observations. Beginning mental evaluation of a person regularly starts with a case history and mental status on: SPINAL INJURY AND SPINE FRACTUREInjury-related to Spine is harm to the spinal cord because of which loss of muscle work, sensation happens. Is restoratively unpredictable and perilous condition where the worldwide occurrence is around 40 to 80 cases for every million populaces and consistently around the globe, 250000 to 500000 individuals experiences Spinal Cord Injury. There are unmistakable sorts of spinal cord wounds like inadequate spinal line damage line is halfway separated, Complete spinal cord damage line is completely disjointed. Spinal cord injury is normally caused because of the demonstration of liquor abuse, violence, recreational and sport-related damages. It incorporates tetraplegia, paraplegia, nerve torment, pneumonia and chronic pain.
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